The Supreme Council
of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is the highest authority of the
organization. It is composed of the heads of the Member-States. Its presidency
rotates periodically among the Member States in alphabetical order. It meets in
an ordinary session each year. Extraordinary sessions may be convened at the
request of any one Member-State seconded by another Member State. At its summit
held in Abu Dhabi in 1998,the Supreme Council decided to hold consultative
meetings in between the last and the coming summit. To be valid a meeting must
be attended by two-thirds of the Member-States. Each Member State has one vote.
Resolutions in substantive matters are carried by unanimous approval of
participating member states in the voting. However, decisions on procedural
matters are taken by the vote of the majority of the Supreme Council.
The Consultative Commission of the Supreme Council
composed of thirty members, five members from each of the Member State, chosen
for their expertise and competence for a term of three years. This body
considers matters referred to it by the Supreme Council of the GCC .
Dispute Settlement Commission
Beneath the Supreme Council is the Dispute Settlement Commission which is
constituted by the Supreme Council for each case of dispute arising out of the
interpretation of the terms of the charter.
Ministerial Council is composed of the Foreign Ministers of all the Member
States or other ministers deputizing for them. The Council is presided over by
the Member State which presided over the last ordinary session of the Supreme
Council. It convenes its ordinary sessions once every three months . An
extraordinary session can be convened at the invitation of any one Member State
seconded by another Member State.
A session is valid
if attended by two-thirds of the Member States.
The functions of
the Ministerial Council include, among other things, formulating policies and
making recommendations for promotion of cooperation among the Member States and
achieving coordination among the Member-States for implementation of the ongoing
projects. It submits its decisions in the form of recommendations to the
Supreme Council for its approval. The Ministerial Council is also responsible
for preparations to hold meetings of the Supreme Council and prepare its agenda.
The voting procedure in the Ministerial Council is the same as in the Supreme
The functions of
the Secretariat General are broadly the preparation of special studies relating
to cooperation, coordination, planning and programming for common action,
preparation of periodical reports regarding the work done by the GCC, following
up the implementation of its own decisions, preparation of reports and studies
on the demand of either the Supreme Council or the Ministerial Council, making
arrangements for holding of the meetings of various organs, finalization of
their agenda and drafting resolutions.
General is composed of the following:
Secretary-General: He is appointed by the Supreme Council for a term of three
years renewable for another term.
Assistant Secretaries-General: They deal with the functional areas under the
jurisdiction of the GCC , like political, economic, military, security,
humanitarian, environmental, legal, media, cultural affairs, information,
finance and administration, strategic dialogue and negotiations. They are
appointed by the Ministerial Council on the nomination of the Secretary-General
for a renewable term of three years. The Secretariat General also includes the
head of the GCC Delegation to the European Union at Brussels and the head of the
GCC Delegation to the United Nations.
Directors-General of the functional divisions of the Secretariat and all other
subordinate employees: all of them are appointed by the Secretary General.
structure of the General Secretariat covers a number of specialized and
supportive areas like political, economic, military, security, humanitarian,
and environmental affairs; finance and management, strategic dialogue and
negotiations, intellectual property rights , the Office of the Technical
Secretariat for Anti-dumping, the Technical Office of Communications located in
the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Office of the Consultative Commission located in
the Sultanate of Oman. The delegates of the missions of the GCC to the European
Union and the United Nations form part of the administrative personnel of the